21 09 2011


Libya is in the right direction. Libya’s fortunes have changed following a strange war and a bizarre revolution. Libya will probably make peace with the international community and will take up its deserved place in the states systematic. However a problem should not be ignored: what will happen to Gaddafi’s arms?

It is possible that armouries in Libya have been looted along with everywhere else. There will be no reason to worry once a power entirely in control of Libya emerges and monopolises armed force. The new state will undoubtedly try to succeed with its new cadres. However, one should not be too optimistic about where the present situation may lead to.

It has been expressed that Al Qaeda linked terrorist groups had been involved in the conflict process in Libya. It had also been claimed that the Gaddafi army had weapons of mass destruction at its disposal. In 2003 Moammar Gaddafi had announced that his country had dropped its atomic, biological and chemical weapons programmes.

Yet speculation occasionally emerged regarding Libya’s possession of weapons of mass destruction. It was always said that a nuclear research reactor was located in Tajoura, near Tripoli. In 2009, the International Atomic Energy Agency had announced uranium from the facility had been transported abroad. It nevertheless seems given that there will be radioactive material at the site. Enriched uranium could be the case.

We do not know whether Gaddafi had a radioactive or dirty bomb at hand. Perhaps during the crisis these have changed hands, we also cannot know. It is even possible for the waste material at the research reactor to be used as ammunition. Suicide bombers could take advantage of this.

Libya became party to the convention on chemical weapons in 2004 and reported 23 poisonous materials to the OPCW. The production and storage of the said material had been carried out in the chemical weapons facility in Rapta with the contributions of the firm Imhausen-Chemie from Freiburg. It was later announced that the materials and around 3,500 units of ammunition in which they were used had been destroyed. But the facts remain behind the fog of war.

The US presses has claimed that mustard gas had been stored at the Ruwagha facility, 600 kilometres to the south of the capital Tripoli. No one can be sure whether any surprises will emerge from the facility which has been monitored by NATO aircraft and satellites since the beginning of the operation. No one can say anything certain about the 4000 Scud-B missiles with 400 kilometres range Gaddafi had, or the tens of thousands of portable missiles and land mines.

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